What is International labour organisation?

International labour organisation —

The international labour organisation was established in 1919 as an autonomous institution and was associated with the league of Nations. Its head office is located in Geneva. It became a specialised agency of United Nations in 1946 through a special agreement between itself and the UNO. This special agreement was ratified by the General assembly on 14 December 1946. The international Labour organisation works with close association of United nation organisation.

There are three principal organs of international labour organisation—

  1. International labour Conference known as general conference which represents all the member states of the ILO. Every state members is represented through four members; two member belong as representatives of the state government, two from the Labour Unions and Employers unions i.e. one from each. Every representative has one vote from voting rights.
  2. Establishment wing — It consists of 48 members in all, 24 from the state governments, 12 from employers and the remaining 12 from the labour unions. The main function of this wing is to appoint director general of the international labour office and the general supervision of the institution and other related works.
  3. International labour office or secretariat. Its principal officer is the Director general and its head office is located at Geneva with branch offices at New York and at many countries of Europe and Asia. Its main function is to gather informations regarding industrial atmosphere and conditions of labour and to assist the industrial members in devising law and norms as per decisions of labour conferences.

Evaluation — The international labour Organisation is a most successful inter-governmental international organisation and is a special agency of the UN. It has contributed laudably in securing social justice in the field of labour.


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